Worming:

Below you will find detailed information about the most common canine worms. Also, Forever Akitas is providing how we do our monthly and bi-annual preventative care. Below you can read about intestinal worms, images and how to treat at home safely, affordable and very effectively.

 

ROUNDWORM - (Toxocara Species) Very common in all regions.

Roundworm infection is transmitted through ingestion of eggs in an infected animal including rodents, infected soil, or even milk from an infected mother. The eggs hatch into larvae in the stomach, and the larvae travel to the small intestine where they mature into adults. The adults lay eggs, which pass out of the pet in their feces. The worms can also be transmitted from the mother to puppies in utero.

If humans ingest roundworm eggs, the eggs can cause infection. It is important to wash your hands after handling dog feces. Children should not be allowed to play on soil where dogs defecate.

Symptoms typically include the following:

  • Bloated belly
  • Blood and/or mucus in the stool
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting

Severe infection can create intestinal obstruction and cause death in puppies.

Roundworm is diagnosed by examining the feces for the presence of eggs. If you treat your dog monthly with Ivermectin or Ivovmec, your dog will be safe from roundworm.

Several other oral medications are available for treatment. Please scroll down to treatment and preventative area or CLICK HERE for the shortcut.

Roundworm can get up to 7" in length but average 3-5 inches. Can cause liver, lung and brain damage and lead to death if left untreated.  A mature adult can lay 2,000-80,000 eggs per day.

If you would like to view pictures of roundworm and infected stool, etc..
CLICK HERE.

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TAPEWORM - They are found in the gut of the dog. Their hosts are fleas, sheep, rabbits and raw meat that is infected.  These worms travel down the digestive tract and itch the anus. During treatments they expel in stools. You may not see much evidence before treatment unless severe symptoms are allowed.

There are a couple of types of tapeworm in dogs. For example, Dipylidium Caninum develop as larvae in fleas (the disease carrier) and are transmitted when the dog ingests the fleas while grooming itself by licking.
Taenia tapeworms are transmitted when a dog eats infective eggs, which live in the soil or larvae, which live in small rodents.

Tapeworm infection generally causes very little harm to the host animal. Depending on the species, but severe infection my cause the following
symptoms:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Nervousness
  • Severe itching around the anus
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting

Diagnosis is made by observing tapeworm segments, which look like rice, in the stool or near the anus or on the pet's fur. Often times near the dogs anus, it may look like thin inchworms in appearance and movement.

Puppies will be effected more quickly than adult dogs.

Fecal or stool samples can be reviewed for the presence of tapeworm. False negatives can occur, but most test results are conclusive. Preventative measures are important.

Tapeworms can be very long, however we usually on see segments. Often times immature tapeworm can look like rice, more advanced tapeworm can be the size of macaroni noodles or larger. Treatment often times in less severe cases the tapeworms will dissolved and you will not see them visually after treatment.

Please scroll down to treatment and preventative area or CLICK HERE for the shortcut.

If you would like to view pictures of tapeworm and infected stool, etc..
CLICK HERE.

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HOOKWORM - (Ancylostoma) Hookworms are the most common canine intestinal parasite in the United States, infecting nearly 20% of all dogs. Hookworms attach to a dog's intestinal lining with a hooklike teeth.

Hookworm infection is transmitted by ingesting the infected larvae (Which usually live in the soil) or by the larvae attaching to a burrowing through the dog's skin. Once inside the dogs body, larvae travel to the small intestine, mature, mate, and lay eggs. The eggs pass into the soil through the dogs feces. Hookworm can also be transmitted through a nursing mother's milk.

Since hookworms can penetrate skin tissue, it is possible to pick up the larvae when walking barefoot on infected soil. Children should not be allowed to play in areas where dogs defecate.

Symptoms of hookworm infection include the following:

  • Anemia (severe cases)
  • Diarrhea
  • Diminished strength and vitality

The worms feed on the host's blood. Puppies can develop life-threatening anemia from blood loss  even before eggs are detectable in feces.

Hookworm disease is diagnosed by examining the feces for eggs.

Several oral medications are available for treatment of hookworm and several preventative monthly medications are also available.

Hookworm are white long, thin (1/4 to 3/4 inch in length). They look like pieces of thread that is enlarged at one end.  Their spear like sword mouths that puncture the intestinal wall and feed on released blood and tissue fluids. Can cause death by loss of blood and severe anemia. An adult can lay 50,000 eggs per day.  500 adult worms can rob a 5 lb puppy of 50% of its blood supply. Not to have repeated some of this info above, but hookworms are very serious and should be not only treated immediately, but preventative measures are important.

Please scroll down to treatment and preventative area or CLICK HERE for the shortcut.

If you would like to view picture of hookworms and infected stool, etc..
CLICK HERE.


 

WHIPWORM - These worms are 1-3/4 to 3 inches long. They cause many symptoms.

Whipworm infection is transmitted by ingesting eggs that live in the soil. Once inside the host, the eggs hatch into larvae that travel to the large intestine and embed their long whiplike tail into the intestinal wall. The larvae mature, mate, and lay eggs, which pass through the feces and into the soil.

Whipworm infection does not always cause symptoms. When, symptoms do occur they may include the following:

  • Anemia
  • Dehydration
  • Diarrhea, especially recurrent bouts of diarrhea with stool that has blood or mucus.
  • Diminished strength and vitality
  • Weight loss

Whipworm is usually diagnosed by examining the feces for eggs. Infection can be difficult to diagnose and may require fecal exams.

Several oral medications are available for the treatment of worms and monthly preventative medications are also available.

Please scroll down to treatment and preventative area or CLICK HERE for the shortcut.

If you would like to view picture of whipworms and infected stool, etc..
CLICK HERE.

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HEARTWORM - These worms are considerably more common in the southern states where mosquito populations are high, although it only takes one mosquito to infect your dog. All dogs in every area should have heartworm prevention which is provided through your veterinarian such as Heartguard or you can use Ivomec without a prescription and that information is provided below.  All pets should be protected no matter where you live. Heartworm protection Ivermectin or Invomec helps protect your dog from many intestinal worms as well. If your dog may already have heartworms, do not give the Ivermectin, it is what cures heartworms but treatment is much different- one full regular dose in a heartworm infected dog could be fatal!

Heartworm disease is a serious and potentially fatal disease in pets in the United States and many other parts of the world. It is caused by foot-long worms (heartworms) that live in the heart, lungs and associated blood vessels of affected pets, causing severe lung disease, heart failure and damage other organs in the body. Heartworm disease affects dogs, heartworms can live in other mammal species, domestic and wild. Wild animals that visit urban areas such as wolves, foxes, coyotes and even sea lions are carriers. Rarely in humans.


Not all Heartworm Cases Are Reported

DOGS: The dog is a natural host for heartworms, which means that heartworms that live inside the dog mature into adults, mate and produce offspring. If untreated, their numbers can increase, and dogs have been known to harbor several hundred worms in their bodies. Heartworm disease causes lasting damage to the heart, lungs and arteries, and can affect the dog's health and quality of life long after the parasites are gone.  For this reason, prevention is by far the best option, and treatment- when needed, treatment should be administered as early in the course of the disease as possible.

HOW IS HEARTWORM DISEASE TRANSMITTED FROM ONE PET TO ANOTHER?

The mosquito plays an essential role in heartworm life cycle. Adult female heartworms living in an infect dog, fox, coyote or wolf produce microscopic baby worms called microfilaria that circulate in the bloodstream. When a mosquito bites and takes a blood meal from an infected animal, it pics up these baby worms, which develop and mature into "infective stage" larvae over a period of 10 to 14 days. Then, when the infected mosquito bites another animal, or your dog, or pet, the infective larvae are deposited onto the surface of the animal's skin and enter the new host through the mosquito's bite wound. Once inside a new hose, it takes approximately 6 months for the larvae to mature into adult, breeding mature heartworms. Once mature, heartworms can live for 5 to 7 years in your dog and cats for 2 to 3 years. Because of the longevity of these worms, each mosquito season can leave to an increasing number of worms in an infected pet.

 

Please scroll down to treatment and preventative area or CLICK HERE for the shortcut.

If you would like to view picture of intestinal worms and infected stool, and also heartworms, etc.. CLICK HERE.


PINWORMS/THREADWORMS - These worms are thread looking and less than an inch long/  AN adult female will lay 10,000  eggs on the outside of the body and the rectum and then she dies.  They are fairly harmless to the health, but cause anal itching, especially at night that can become extremely bothersome.


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TREATMENT AND PREVENTATIVE:

We hold no liability and we do not claim to be a veterinarian. We are only sharing what we and many other breeders use for treatment and control of canine worms.  If you are more comfortable and find it affordable with owning lesser number of dogs and chose to go to the veterinarian, most use good products and have great success in canine worm treatment & preventative measures. All dog parasites are easy to manage at home afforably.

Ivermec / Ivermectin Info (same ingredient):  Treatment and preventive for roundworm, hookworm, whipworm and heartworm. Does not work for tapeworm but helps keep away ticks and fleas but in areas where fleas and ticks are bad, use Frontline Plus or similar product.  Ivermectin is also good for mange and other skin parasites, as treatment and preventative.

We give to each of our dogs (AT LEAST 2 MONTHS OLD AND EACH MONTH AFTER) orally every month Ivomec 1% (1 cc or 1 ml) for the average size adult Akita, BUT ALWAYS WEIGH THEM FIRST. The safe and proper dose is one tenth of a cc or ml for every 10 pounds of body weight. Please be sure to weigh your dog and administer according to weight. You do not want to over or under-dose.

Some Collie type breeds cannot tolerate Ivermectin at all. Ivomec is a great preventative for gastrointestinal worms and also heartworms, and helps prevent and treat mange.  Ivomec is not only safe and affective in swine & cattle but also dogs. Many wormers contain Ivomectin (such as Heartguard for heartworm and intestinal worms), this is a more affordable and also an affective method than buying Heartguard. There is controversy about giving to pregnant and nursing bitches. We believe to be safe if they have been on Ivermectin for months prior to being bred. However, many websites state Ivermectin is not safe during pregnancy or for nursing mothers. IT IS STATED ON THE HEARTGUARD WEBSITE IT IS SAFE FOR PREGNANT AND NURSING MOTHERS. YOU MUST DECIDE FOR  YOUR SELF.  WE GIVE IT TO OUR BITCHES AS THEY HAVE NEVER BEEN OFF OF IVERMECTIN SINCE 2 TO 3 MONTHS OLD.

WARNING: Be sure you know your dog is not infected with heartworms before administering this product. Heartworms are more common in the south, but can be where any mosquitoes are found.

Most experienced breeders use Invermectin and it is also recommended for dogs through the pet supply companies and is also an ingredient in many canine wormers to treat many intestinal worms as well as heartworm. Puppies can start at about 2-3 months and give 1/10 cc for every 10 lbs of body weight. You can order a 50ML bottle from
www.revivalanimal.com Product number 18-500 for under $30 and will treat the average size adult Akita 30 to 50 months/doses.  Even though it says inject-able, never inject it into a dog, give it orally. We squirt it in their mouth towards the back of the throat to try and avoid the tongue as it tastes bitter using a syringe and remove the needle before administering it. We leave a large needle in the top rubber stopper and connect the syringe to draw up the measured about.

USE IVOVMEC EACH MONTH

Generic Name Brand
It all works the same. There are many brands of Ivovmec or Ivermectin.

ONLY USE 1% and never ever the higher volume 1.78 %.


Labeled to help with tapeworm, but I have never found it to treat for tapeworm in dogs, we believe it helps dogs from being as susceptible of getting tapeworm.


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Use the Praziquantel for tapeworms (see below) 

Praziquantel is a medication in several tapeworm wormer Meds such as D-Worm and Tradewinds. You can buy it for at least 75% cheaper if labeled for fish tanks. It is exactly the same pill  with a different label. We use Fish Tapes and get the 34 mg for puppies and 170 mg strength for the large adults. Read below for proper dosage by dogs weight.

34 mg each Forte is 170 mg each

 

  Dosage @ 34 mg Tablets  
Up to 5 lbs 1/2 pill
6 to 10 lbs 1 pill
11 to 15 lbs 1-1/2 pill
16 to 30 lbs 2 pills
31 to 45 lbs 3 pills
46 to 60 lbs 4 pills
over 60 lbs

 

 

 

5 of the 34 mg is the same as 1 of 170 mg forte.
 
 

Repeat In Exactly 28 Days as when the eggs would hatch but wouldn't have laid more eggs yet.

FENBENDAzOLE: (Safeguard or Panacur)

We buy the liquid Safeguard for goats or cows for economical reasons, it is the exact same medicine as for dogs. Easier to administer and much better price. The difference between for goats or cows is the size of the jug and not the strength.

Puppies-  I use safe-guard at 2, 4, and 6, weeks of age. If we have puppies in the summer when mosquitoes are in season, we usually give Ivomec at about 8 to 12 weeks old.

Proper dosage for Safeguard- 1 cc or ml per 4 pounds of body weight for 3 days for roundworm treatment only, hook-worms and whip-worms  5 day treatment. Add one more day for a 6 day treatment and it will treat Giardia. Labeled to help with tapeworm but I have never found it to work for tapeworm. Use the Praziquantel for tapeworm (see above) 

Shake Before Using, Store in a cool place without sunlight.

Again, these products for fish tanks, cattle and even swine have the same active ingredients (exactly same pill or med, just a different label and much more inexpensive and is safe and affective in the dogs.  We are only sharing how to treat your dog(s) in a more affordable way and even easier to administer. Use at your own discretion. The decision is yours.

In fact, it is the same for antibiotics, same pill, different label.


 

We also use Frontline Plus for eliminating Fleas & Ticks which helps to also help eliminate tapeworm because of not having any fleas.  Tapeworm can also be found in rodents, including rabbits. Get educated, treat your pets right and save your self a lot of money :) 

If one of your pets have parasites, they probably all do.

Thanks for providing great care!

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